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Research: Rapeseed meal and DDGS in beef diets

German researchers investigated the effects of by-products from biofuel production (rapeseed meal and DDGS) on the performance of growing fattening bulls.

Due to the increased production of bioethanol and biodiesel, a considerable quantity of the remaining protein-rich by-products, such as rapeseed meal (RSM) and distillers dried grains with solubles (DDGS), is available for animal nutrition. However, the diversity of production technologies leads to a wide variation of feed quality.
 
The aim of this study was to compare the use of RSM and DDGS with soybean meal (SBM) in diets for fattening bulls in order to investigate the effects on feed intake and performance parameters.
 
Fifty-nine Holstein bulls (initial live weight 246 kg) divided into four groups received 0.5 kg/d of a mineral premix and maize silage for ad libitum intake.
 
Furthermore the animals were offered either SBM, RSM, DDGS or RSM + DDGS. The rations were formulated to be isonitrogenous and isoenergetic.
 
Dry matter (DM) intake as well as live weight was measured individually. The mean live weight at slaughter was 558 kg.
 
Results

 
Maize silage ad lib + 0.5 mineral premix
+
 
1.1 kg/d SBM
1.5 kg/d RSM
1.6 kg/d DDGS
0.8 kg/d RSM + 0.8 kg/d DDGS
Crude protein (g/kg)
142
140
144
143
DM intake (kg/d)
7.5
7.6
7.7
8.0
Daily gain (g)
1.390
1.440
1.310
1.460
 
The daily weight gains were different only between DDGS and RSM + DDGS (P=0.018). The slaughtering results were not influenced by the protein source.
 
Conclusion
It can be concluded that RSM and DDGS are suitable to replace SBM in diets for growing fattening bulls.
 
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Dick Ziggers

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