Ergot alkaloids (ALKA)

FUNGAL SOURCES
Claviceps purpurea
Claviceps paspali
Claviceps africana
Claviceps fusiformis
Claviceps cyperi
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FOODSTUFFS AFFECTED
Rye, barley, wheat, oats, by-products. 

GEOGRAPHICAL AREAS AFFECTED
 

Ergocornine, ergocristine, ergocryptine, ergometrine, ergosine, ergotamine (ALKA)

Effects on:

Agalactia, high piglet mortality, necrosis, gangrene, reproductive disorders.

Swelling of feet and lameness, diarrhoea, hypersalivation, intense thirst, severe shaking.

Reduction in growth and rate of lay, high chick mortality, gangrene of the crest, tongue and beak, liquid droppings.