Ochratoxins (OCHRA)

FUNGAL SOURCES
Penicillium verrucosum (viridicatum)
Aspergillus ochraceus
Aspergillus carbonarius
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FOODSTUFFS AFFECTED
Grape, coffee, wheat, corn (maize), rye, barley, oats, rice, soya, cacao, bean, pea.

GEOGRAPHICAL AREAS AFFECTED
 

Ochratoxin A (OTA)

Effects on:

Renal lesions, uremia.

Partial detoxification of ochratoxin A by protozoa in the absence of acidosis in phenylalanine and ochratoxin α (less toxic) or ochratoxin C (more toxic). Significant immune system and carcinogenic disorders.

 

Deterioration in feed efficiency and egg production and urate deposits in abdominal cavity and joints.

Ochratoxin B (OTB)

Effects on:

Renal lesions, uremia.

Significant immune system and carcinogenic disorders.

Deterioration in feed efficiency and egg production and urate deposits in abdominal cavity and joints.