Regulations for Tree Nuts in Egypt

Tree Nuts

Maximum Allowable/Recommended Units

12 ppb B1, 15 ppb total aflatoxin
(pistachio/almond)

8 ppb B1, 15 ppb total aflatoxin
(hazel nut)

5 ppb B1, 10 ppb total aflatoxin
(walnuts)

8 ppb B1, 10 ppb total aflatoxin
(pistachio/almond for direct use)

5 ppb B1, 10 ppb total aflatoxin
(hazel nut/brazilian nut for direct use)

Selected Molds that produce aflatoxin

Aspergillus flavus, Aspergillus parasiticus

Commodities susceptible to contamination

Barley, cocoa, coffee, confectionery, corn/maize, copra, dairy, dried fruit, feeds, groundnuts/peanuts, infant formula, oats, rice, rye, sorghum, soy, spices, tree nuts, and wheat

Health effects

  • Liver cancer and damage
  • Immunosuppression
  • Decreased milk and egg production

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