Regulations for All Commodities in Malaysia (Source)

All Commodities

Maximum Allowable/Recommended Units

15 ppb Total aflatoxin
(peanut and tree nut)

B1: < 10 ppb, and 10 ppb total aflatoxin
(almond, hazelnut, pistachio for direct consumption)

B1: 0.1 ppb
(Cereal-based food for infants and children [calculated as dry matter basis])

M1: 0.025 ppb
(Infant formula and follow-up formula [ready-to-drink])

50 ppb
(Apple juice [includes apple juice as ingredients in other beverages])

Total aflatoxins: 15 ppb
(Groundnuts, almonds, hazelnuts and pistachios for further processing; Brazil nut, shelled, for further processing)

Total aflatoxins: 10 ppb
(Groundnuts, almonds, hazelnuts and pistachios ready-to-eat; Brazil nut, shelled, ready-to-eat)

M1: 0.5 ppb
(Milk)

B1: 0.1 ppb
(Processed cereal-based foods for infants and young children [calculated as dry matter basis])

M1: 0.025 ppb
(Infant formula and follow-up formula [ready to drink])

Total aflatoxins: 5 ppb
(Other foods for human consumption)

Selected Molds that produce aflatoxin

Aspergillus flavus, Aspergillus parasiticus

Commodities susceptible to contamination

Barley, cocoa, coffee, confectionery, corn/maize, copra, dairy, dried fruit, feeds, groundnuts/peanuts, infant formula, oats, rice, rye, sorghum, soy, spices, tree nuts, and wheat

Health effects

  • Liver cancer and damage
  • Immunosuppression
  • Decreased milk and egg production

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