Regulations for All Commodities in Ecuador

All Commodities

Maximum Allowable/Recommended Units

10 ppb

20 ppb total Aflatoxins
(corn, ground corn, meal, grits, etc.)

20 ppb total Aflatoxins
(snacks from wheat and corn / from other cerals and grains including ground nuts, peanuts, seeds and dehydrated cereals)

Aflatoxin M1, no level specified
(milk and powdered milk)

50 ppb total Aflatoxins
(soy meal and paste, rice by-products)

Selected Molds that produce aflatoxin

Aspergillus flavus, Aspergillus parasiticus

Commodities susceptible to contamination

Barley, cocoa, coffee, confectionery, corn/maize, copra, dairy, dried fruit, feeds, groundnuts/peanuts, infant formula, oats, rice, rye, sorghum, soy, spices, tree nuts, and wheat

Health effects

  • Liver cancer and damage
  • Immunosuppression
  • Decreased milk and egg production

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