Background last update:6 Aug 2012


Location: Northern North America, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean on the east, North Pacific Ocean on the west, and the Arctic Ocean on the north, north of the conterminous US.

Capital City: Ottawa

Population: 33,098,932 (July 2006 est.)

Gross domestic production (GDP): 2.9% (2005 est.)

GDP per capita: $33,900 (2005 est.)

GDP – composition by:

Agriculture: 2.2%


Industry: 29.4%


Services: 68.4% (2005 est.)


Surface area

Land use

Total: 9,984,670 sq km

Arable land: 4.57%

Land: 9,093,507 sq km

Permanent crops: 0.65%

Water: 891,163 sq km

Other: 94.78% (2005)

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