Other mycotoxins

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Enniatins (ENN)

Fungal Sources
Fusarium sambucinum
Fusarium oxysporum
Fusarium avenaceum
Fusarium tricinctum
Fusarium poae
Fusarium lateritium
Fusarium scirpi
Fusarium torulosum
Verticillium hemipterigenum

Foodstuffs affected 
Barley, oats, wheat, rye.

Effects on animals
Homeostatic disorders, cytotoxic, hepatic disorders

Beauvericin (BEA)

Fungal Sources
Beaveria bassiana

Foodstuffs Affected
Corn (maize), wheat, barley, oats, rye

Effects on Animals
Heart problems and respiratory difficulties. 

Moniliformin (MON)

Fungal Sources
Fusarium proliferatum
Fusarium oxysporum

Foodstuffs Affected
Corn (maize), wheat, barley, rye, triticale, oats, rice, sorghum, pepper, flax, soya, millet.

Effects on

Cardiac problems, reduction in growth and increased mortality. 

Sterigmatocystin (STC)

Fungal Sources
Aspergillius versicolor
Aspergillius nidulans
Aspergillius flavus
Aspergillius parasiticus

Foodstuffs Affected
Cereals, green coffee, spices, walnut, beer and cheese (on the surface, in the case of fungal deterioration during ripening and storage).

Effects on

Hepatic disorders, agalactia, abortions.

Increase in somatic cells, milk contamination.

Reduction in egg production, foot problems and embryotoxicity. 

Patulin (PAT)

Fungal Sources
Aspergillus clavatus
Aspergillus terreus
Penicillium expansum
Penicillium claviforme
Penicillium roquefortii

Foodstuffs Affected
Apple, forages (rare)

Effects on

Reduction in fibre digestion, negative effect on production of volatile fatty acids and microbial protein synthesis.

Citrinin (CTN)

Fungal Sources
Penicillium citrinum
Penicillium verrucosum
Penicillium expansum

Foodstuffs Affected
Rice, corn (maize), barley, oats, rye, wheat, walnut, groundnut, sunflower.

Effects on

Renal lesions, increase in volume of urine excreted (up to 2.5 times).

Pruritus, fever and haemorrhages, calves born with malformation of the mouth.

Malformation of extremities, malformation of brain and eyes, increase in water consumption, liquid droppings.

Cyclopiazonic acid (CPA)

Fungal Sources
Aspergillus flavus
Aspergillus tamarii
Aspergillus versicolor
Penicillium camembertii
Penicillium cyclopium

Foodstuffs Affected
Numerous, particularly corn (maize) and groundnut.. 

Effects on

Inactivity, anorexia, rough coat, diarrhoea.

Loss of appetite and physical condition.

Inflammation of the digestive system, haemorrhages, poor shell quality. 

This information was partly made available by Olmix.

Read more about other mycotoxins

How are the small mycotoxins formed?