The 2012 drought is not only taking its toll on US Midwest crop and livestock producers. Ethanol plants also are succumbing as high corn prices dry up their operating margins.
Suspension of operations, along with reduced production at many plants, has reduced the supply of distillers’ dried grains with solubles (DDGS), the co-product of ethanol production and widely-used in swine diets.
“High corn prices are not only affecting pork producers, but they are also causing ethanol plants to shut down or reduce ethanol and DDGS production due to negative profit margins,” says Dr. Jerry Shurson, professor of swine nutrition and management, University of Minnesota.
“DDGS has typically been priced at 75 to 85% of the value of corn, making it a good alternative ingredient to reduce feed costs. Now it is being priced around 100% of the value of corn, making it less attractive.”
A report received by Pork Network indicates that some Iowa pork producers have to travel an extra one hundred miles to source DDGS after their normal supplier shut down.
East Kansas Agri-Energy, LLC in Garnett, Kansas, is the latest ethanol plant planning to quit production. The firm last Friday announced plans to temporarily suspend ethanol production operations beginning Oct. 1.
The company cites the prolonged drought reducing the availability of corn and the resulting increase in prices as the main reason for the production halt. These challenges forced the company to reduce plant production capacity by 20% last April.
According to the Renewable Fuels Association (RFA), as of Jan. 1, 2012, 211 ethanol plants in 29 states were producing an estimated 13.9 billion gallons of ethanol and 39 million metric tonnes of livestock feed including DDGS and corn gluten meal. Each bushel of corn yields 2.8 gallons of ethanol and 17.5 pounds of livestock feed, according to RFA.
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