“In the short-term, logistical issues will continue to be a problem, but the Japanese feed industry is working hard to recover from the damage. By April or May, the Council is hopeful Japan will recover and return to a somewhat normalcy,” said Tommy Hamamoto, USGC director in Japan.
Four of Japan’s major importing facilities and attached feed mills were severely damaged by the earthquake and subsequent tsunami that struck the country on March 11.
These four facilities account for approximately 3.66 million metric tons of compound feed production per year – around 15% of Japan’s total annual compound feed production of 25 million tons.
Another mill, which accounts for an additional 15%, suffered some damage but compound feed production has already partially resumed.
Other mills backup
“Japan is prepared to cover the feed loss by facilities coming back online and increased production in unaffected mills. These [unaffected] mills are sending feed supplies in small vessels to affected areas,” Hamamoto said.
There are currently bottlenecks: the capacity of unaffected ports to unload redirected shipments and storage limitations; impeded passage of ships through channels caused by debris in shipping lanes; increased transportation costs, fuel supplies and shortage of trucks and ships; and power needed for production and processing.
Limited loss of animal herds or flocks
“Since the majority of livestock and poultry farms are located near Japan’s mountain side (west side of Japan), minimal animal loss is expected from the tsunami.
However, logistics of fuels, feed and products continue to be a problem for those farms,” said Hiroko Sakashita, USGC associate director in Japan.
“In addition, some animal production was affected as facilities had to be evacuated due to elevated radiation levels. This market may further be affected by negative perceptions and false information on their products,” he added.
Exposure to radiation will remain a longer term concern. Japan’s Ministry of Agriculture Forestry and Fisheries released a notice alerting livestock farmers to be cautious and not to feed radioactive-material-contaminated hay, roughage, silage and water to livestock.
It recommends that farmers keep their animals indoors if possible. Feed millers in Hokkaido, Chukyo, Kansai and Kyushu have been working around the clock to ensure that sufficient supply of animal feed is available in the damaged area.