Type B trichothecenes (TCT B)

FUNGAL SOURCES
Fusarium graminearum (roseum)
Fusarium culmorum
Fusarium nivale 
Fusarium poae
Fusarium equiseti
Fusarium crookwellense
Fusarium acuminatum
Fusarium sambucinum
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FOODSTUFFS AFFECTED
Corn (maize), wheat, barley, rice, rye, oats, walnut, tomato

GEOGRAPHICAL AREAS AFFECTED
 

Nivalenol (NIV)

Effects on:

Nervosity, loss of appetite, deterioration in feed efficiency, diarrhoea, vomiting.

Poor assimilation of feed, decline in production and quality of milk, immune-system disorders.

Deterioration in feed efficiency, poor shell quality, decline in egg production.

15-0-acetyl-deoxynivalenol (15-DON)

Effects on:

Nervosity, loss of appetite, deterioration in feed efficiency, diarrhoea, vomiting, refusal to eat.

Poor assimilation of feed, decline in production and quality of milk, immune-system disorders.

Deterioration in feed efficiency, poor shell quality, decline in egg production.

Deoxynivalenol (DON)

Effects on:

Nervosity, loss of appetite, deterioration in feed efficiency, diarrhoea, vomiting, refusal to eat.

In the absence of acidosis, partial detoxification of DON into DOM-1 by protozoa followed by a fall in the protozoa population, poor assimilation of feed, decline in production and quality of milk, immune-system disorders.

 

Deterioration in feed efficiency, poor shell quality, decline in egg production.